Archive for the ‘History’ Tag

Las Vegas in the early days   Leave a comment


All of this…

DSC_6186

las vegasf

from this

las vegasb

las vegasc

las vegas

las vegas1

las vegas2 desert inn 1950

Las Vegas started as a stopover on the pioneer trails to the west, and became a popular railroad town in the early 20th century. It was a staging point for mines in the surrounding area, especially those around the town of Bullfrog, that shipped goods to the rest of the country. With the proliferation of the railroads, Las Vegas became less important, but the completion of the nearby Hoover Dam in 1935 resulted in growth in the number of residents and increased tourism. The dam, located 30 mi (48 km) southeast of the city, formed Lake Mead, the largest man-made lake and reservoir in the United States. The legalization of gambling in 1931 led to the advent of the casino hotels for which Las Vegas is famous. Major development occurred in the 1940s, “due almost entirely” to the influx of scientists and staff from the Manhattan Project, an atomic bomb research project of World War II. Atomic test watching parties were sometimes thrown.  American organized crime figures such as Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel and Meyer Lansky managed or funded most of the original large casinos.The rapid growth of Las Vegas is credited with dooming the gambling industry development of Galveston, Texas; Hot Springs, Arkansas; and other major gambling centers in the 1950s.

las vegas3

las vegas4

las vegas5

las vegas6 flamingo

las vegas7

las vegas8

las vegas9

las vegas12

las vegas13

las vegas14

las vegas15

las vegas16

las vegas19

las vegas17

las vegas18

Posted December 15, 2016 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

Evel Knievel jumps Snake River Canyon September 8, 1974   Leave a comment


All my life people have been waiting around to watch me die.
Evel Knievel

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) EVEL KNIEVEL

Robert “Evel” Knievel was born in Butte, Montana, and saw his first motorcycle stunt show at the age of eight.

Later, he was fired from one of his first jobs driving an earth mover at a mine after he popped a wheelie with the massive vehicle and crashed it into power lines, knocking out electricity to the whole city.

He started going by “Evel” after a brief stint in jail alongside one William “Awful” Knofel. He bounced from thrill to thrill, winning ski-jumping championships, joining the army, and even hitchhiking to Washington, D.C., with a petition to end elk culling in Yellowstone National Park.

He eventually started his own daredevil show, stunning crowds with stunts, wheelies and (not always successful) jumps over rattlesnakes, mountain lions and other hazards.

After each crash and hospital stay, his profile only increased. Soon he started a routine of jumping over a number of cars, then returning to the same venue later to jump over one more.

On New Year’s Eve 1967, he got the opportunity to jump over the fountains at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, a span of 141 feet.

He rang in 1968 with a crushed femur and pelvis, numerous fractures, a lengthy hospital stay and blooming fame.

SNAKE RIVER CANYON ID - SEPTEMBER 7 1974: Evel Knievel holds a press conference before he attempts to jump a canyon on his X-2 Skycycle on September 7 1974 in Snake River Canyon, Idaho. (Photo by Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

SNAKE RIVER CANYON ID – SEPTEMBER 7 1974: Evel Knievel holds a press conference before he attempts to jump a canyon on his X-2 Skycycle on September 7 1974 in Snake River Canyon, Idaho. (Photo by Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

I did everything by the seat of my pants. That’s why I got hurt so much.
Evel Knievel
SNAKE RIVER CANYON ID - SEPTEMBER 8 1974: Evel Knievel prepares to attempt to jump a canyon on his X-2 Skycycle on September 8 1974 in Snake River Canyon, Idaho. (Photo by Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

SNAKE RIVER CANYON ID – SEPTEMBER 8 1974: Evel Knievel prepares to attempt to jump a canyon on his X-2 Skycycle on September 8 1974 in Snake River Canyon, Idaho. (Photo by Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

He continued his pattern of jumping, crashing and gaining fans, and announced his intention to jump over the Grand Canyon.

The federal government would not allow that, though, so Knievel set his sights on Snake River Canyon in Idaho.

Knowing that a mere motorcycle would not do, Knievel hired an aeronautical engineer to design a steam-powered, rocket-shaped “Skycycle.”

On Sept. 8, 1974, cameras broadcast a close-circuit feed to cinemas around the country, as Knievel, dressed in his trademark star-spangled jumpsuit, was strapped into the Skycycle X-2.

Anybody can jump a motorcycle. The trouble begins when you try to land it.
Evel Knievel
WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) CREW

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS – “Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon” – Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images)
CREW

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) EVEL KNIEVEL SPEAKING TO REPORTERS

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS – “Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon” – Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images)
EVEL KNIEVEL SPEAKING TO REPORTERS

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) EVEL KNIEVEL (WHITE JUMPSUIT) WITH CROWD

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) EVEL KNIEVEL

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) STUNT SKYCYCLE

Just after the Skycycle left the launch ramp, its emergency parachute deployed prematurely, arresting the rocket’s trajectory. Knievel was sent drifting straight down into the canyon, with the wind blowing him back to where he started.

Spectators rushed to the cliff edge to try to see where he landed. Knievel could be seen struggling with his harness as he drifted toward the surging river.

As it happened, the wind was strong enough to blow him all the way back to the edge of the canyon, with the Skycycle crash-landing safely just feet from the water’s edge.

Knievel survived with just a broken nose to add to his more than 433 lifetime fractures.

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) EVEL KNIEVEL (L) WITH CREW

WIDE WORLD OF SPORTS - "Evel Knievel at Snake River Canyon" - Airdate: September 8, 1974. (Photo by ABC Photo Archives/ABC via Getty Images) CREW WITH STUNT SKYCYCLE

 


Posted March 3, 2016 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with , ,

Soviet cigarette ads 1920-1929   Leave a comment


Russians love to smoke. And this was especially the case in the early part of the twentieth century. Smoking was huge throughout the industrialized world back then. The communist government in Moscow wanted to sedate the population with nicotine while at the same time generating revenue for the command economy.

A couple years ago the Russian army was going to cut cigarette rations to the troops, rumblings of mutiny surfaced and the army stepped up cigarette deliveries to the soldiers.

Ranking Country Number of cigarettes
per adult per year
1  Greece 2,996
2  Serbia 2,924
3  Bulgaria 2,822
4  Russia 2,786
5  Moldova 2,479
6  Lebanon 2,451
7  Ukraine 2,401
8  Slovenia 2,360
9  Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,278
10  Belarus 2,266

World Health Organization 2014

Ask for packaged Sappho cigarettes, 1929. Artist: Zelensky, Alexander Nikolaevich (1882-1942) (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

Smoke the cigarettes The Pack (Advertising Poster), 1927. Found in the collection of the State History Museum, Moscow. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

This proletariat cowboy is off to fields on a cigarette rocket.

Russian Communist art: packaging for cigarettes (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)

I wish I could read Russian. A bull, a horse and a farm tractor. This brand may be called farmyard fun smokes.

RUSSIA - CIRCA 1925:  Salesman,Cigarettes,Soviet Commercial Design  (Photo by Buyenlarge/Getty Images)

Russian Communist art: advert for cigarettes (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)

Smoking barnyard fun again.

Russian Communist poster art: Advert for cigarettes (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)

Siberian Army smoker.  Cigarette package, Russia.  ca.1920.

Siberian Army smoker.

RUSSIA - CIRCA 1925:  Cigarettes,plane,clouds,Soviet Commercial Design  (Photo by Buyenlarge/Getty Images)

Russian Communist poster art: Advert for cigarettes (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)

Ask for packaged Sappho cigarettes, 1929. Artist: Zelensky, Alexander Nikolaevich (1882-1942) (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)

Posted March 3, 2016 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

Happy Louis Riel Day   Leave a comment


Louis Riel Day is an annual general holiday in the Canadian province of Manitoba on the third Monday of February. It commemorates the life of Louis Riel, a politician who represented the Métis people’s interests.

.

riel

.

Louis David Riel (22 October 1844 – 16 November 1885) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and its first post-Confederation prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. Riel sought to preserve Métis rights and culture as their homelands in the Northwest came progressively under the Canadian sphere of influence. Over the decades, he has been made a folk hero by the Francophones, the Catholic nationalists, the native rights movement, and the New Left student movement. Riel has received more scholarly attention than practically any other figure in Canadian history.

Posted February 15, 2016 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

Ancient Roman Castle Built in Massive Rock Formation   Leave a comment


aaline

castle

aaline

Located on the north slopes of the Balkan Mountains, close to the northwestern Bulgarian town of Belogradchik, is the Belogradchik Fortress, also known as Kaleto Fortress. The fort is nestled on the base of a spectacular rock formation belonging to the Belogradchik massif which consist of strangely shaped sandstone and conglomerate rock formation that are thought to resemble shapes of people or objects. Some of the rocks reach up to 200 meters in height. The ones serving as the backdrop to the fort are 70 meters tall.

A fort existed here since the Roman times. In the 1st to the 3rd century AD, the Romans built roads across the new provinces of the empire on the Balkan peninsula, as well as some fortresses to guard them. The mission of Belogradchik Fortress was to control the road. They built the highest part of the fortress, known as the Citadel, using the rocks as natural protection. Fortified walls were built only on the northwest and southeast sides, with the rest of the sides around the yard being surrounded by rocks.

aaline

castle1

aaline

Over the centuries, Belogradchik Fortress has been used by a succession of different forces including the Byzantines. In the 14th century, the Bulgarian tsar of Vidin Ivan Stratsimir extended the old fortress, building fortified garrisons before the existing rock massifs. The fort became one of the most important strongholds in the region. At the end of this century, Belogradchik Fortress was captured by the Ottomans, who expanded it further and used it to suppress local uprisings.

Belogradchik Fortress continued to be used for military and defensive purposes until the 19th century. In 1850, Belogradchik Fortress played an important role in the Ottoman suppression of the Belogradchik uprising, being the place where decapitation of captured activists were performed. The fort was last used in warfare during the Serbo-Bulgarian War in 1885.

The Belogradchik Fortress is now one of the best-preserved strongholds in Bulgaria, and together with the Belogradchik Rocks, it is the town’s primary cultural and historical tourist attraction.

aaline

0001

00castle

00castle1

00castle2

00castle3

00castle4

00castle5

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

00castle7

.

Posted February 3, 2016 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

“The Bickersons”, the couple that put M in the word Marriage, and the M stands for Misery.   Leave a comment


bickersons

Posted December 13, 2015 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

Nazis UFOs are coming!!   Leave a comment


In Ufology, conspiracy theory, science fiction, and comic book stories, claims or stories have circulated linking UFOs to Nazi Germany. The German UFO theories describe supposedly successful attempts to develop advanced aircraft or spacecraft prior to and during World War II, and further assert the post-war survival of these craft in secret underground bases in Antarctica, South America, the United States or the Moon, along with their creators. According to these theories and fictional stories, various potential code-names or sub-classifications of Nazi UFO craft such as Rundflugzeug, Feuerball, Diskus, Haunebu, Hauneburg-Gerät, V7, Vril, Kugelblitz (not related to the self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of the same name), Andromeda-Gerät, Flugkreisel, Kugelwaffe, and Reichsflugscheibe have all been referenced.

Some UFO sightings during World War II, particularly those known as foo fighters, were thought by the Allies to be prototype enemy aircraft designed to harass Allied aircraft through electromagnetic disruption; a technology similar to today’s electromagnetic pulse (EMP) weapon.

.

nazis2

nazis3

nazis4

NazihitlerOvnis

Posted November 29, 2015 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with , , , , , , , ,

A Day to Remember   Leave a comment


Brookside Cemetery Winnipeg

.

brookside

brookside1

brookside2

Posted November 11, 2015 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

Vietnam War GI Helmet Graffiti   Leave a comment


Vietnam War (American involvement) 1964-1973.

.

helmets

helmets1

helmets2

helmets3

helmets4

helmets5

helmets6

helmets7

helmets8

Perhaps hoping the luck of a coyote-evading cartoon character (beep beep!) will rub off, an infantryman bedecks his helmet with the Roadrunner and an M406 grenade (SP4 James B. Egan/U.S. Army/National Archives).

helmets10

Posted October 6, 2015 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with ,

Salon Kitty: the beginning of the Nazisploitation genre   Leave a comment


Salon Kitty is a 1976 erotic-drama film directed by Tinto Brass. The film was coproduced by Italy, France and West Germany. It is based on the novel of the same name by Peter Norden, covering the real life events of the Salon Kitty Incident, where the Sicherheitsdienst (SS intelligence) took over an expensive brothel in Berlin, had the place wire tapped and all the prostitutes replaced with trained spies in order to gather data on various members of the Nazi party and foreign dignitaries.

It is considered among the progenitors of Nazisploitation genre.

salon_kitty

salon_kitty_helmut_berger_tinto_brass_004_jpg_eaip

German prostitutes considered exceptionally beautiful or sexually attractive were selected by the Berlin police to work at the brothel rather than receiving financial punishment.

Salon Kitty was a high-class Berlin brothel used by the Nazi intelligence service, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD), for espionage purposes during World War II.

Created in the early 1930s, the salon was taken over by SS general Reinhard Heydrich and his subordinate Walter Schellenberg in 1939. The brothel was managed by Kitty Schmidt throughout its entire existence who was the original owner. The plan was to seduce top German dignitaries, foreign visitors as well as diplomats with alcohol and women so they would disclose secrets or express their honest opinions on Nazi-related topics and individuals. Notable guests included Heydrich himself, Joseph Dietrich, Galeazzo Ciano and Joseph Goebbles. The building housing the salon was destroyed in an air raid in 1942 and the project quickly lost its importance. Salon Kitty has been the inspiration or subject to many brothels featured in films involving Nazi espionage.

salon 2

Although married, Reinhard Heydrich enjoyed a number of visits to Salon Kitty

As if infidelity mattered to this cold blooded murderer and proponent of genocide.

.

salon kitty

Salon-Kitty_Collectors-Edition_Blu-ray_dvd_cover_D

.

Posted August 17, 2015 by markosun in Uncategorized

Tagged with , ,