The World’s Leading Wheat Exporting Countries   2 comments


If a person drives from Winnipeg to Edmonton along the Yellowhead highway in late summer, the scenery would include field after field of golden wheat.  In recent years more and more grain farmers are seeding oil seeds, corn and specialty crops like peas, however wheat continues to dominate the Canadian prairies.  And western Canada can still be considered one of the great bread baskets of the world.

Wheat field near Somerset, Manitoba

                                                                                                                                                        

Major wheat producing regions of the world

                                                                                                                                                          

#10 Brazil

Export: 1.1 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 8.8 million  tons

Key  export market: The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) namely Algeria, Libya, Tunisia and Egypt account for a majority of Brazilian  wheat imports.

Outlook: In an attempt to reduce its dependency on imports, the Brazilian government is looking to double its wheat output in 5 years by  promoting wheat planting in the Cerrado region, according to Bloomberg.  The country’s per capita demand for wheat is expected to rise 7% to 56 kg per person by 2018.

Export figures and consumption data provided by the USDA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

#9 Turkey

Export: 3 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 16.5 million tons

Key  export market: Indonesia is one of the biggest importers of Turkish wheat but is also accusing Turkish companies of “wheat  dumping”.

Outlook: Turkey’s 19 million ton wheat output in 2010 was lower than 2009 levels but enough for domestic consumption. In 2011, Turkey  issued tenders to buy wheat according to Reuters.  Wheat has also been getting reduced acreage as farmers are switching to other crops.

 

#8 Russia

Export: 4 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 38 million  tons

Key  export market: Russia largely exports to the Middle East and North Africa; Egypt is its largest wheat export market followed by Turkey, Syria, Iran and Libya.

Outlook: Last summer’s drought has cut wheat plantings and the Kremlin has banned exports of the crop. Plantings are expected to fall 2.3%  to 64.2 million acres this year according to Bloomberg.

  

#7 Kazakhstan

Export: 5 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 4.8 million tons

Key  export market: South-East Asia and China are some of Kazakhstan’s biggest export wheat markets.

Outlook: Kazakhstan’s wheat crop was hurt last year by dry weather and the country put in place restrictions on exports to curb  domestic price inflation. Wheat prices increased 12.4% in the January-March period of 2011, according to AgriMarket.Info.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

#6 Ukraine

Export: 5.5 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 14.1 million  tons

Key  export market: The Middle East and North Africa, primarily Egypt, is the biggest importer of Ukrainian wheat.

Outlook: Ukraine imposed restrictions on grain exports in  October of last year but the country’s Prime minister said the country will  do away with the restrictions if the country has a good harvest. Germany and the American  Chamber of Commerce have asked the country to stop legislation that would affect state control over grains exports.

 

#5 Argentina

Export: 8.5 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 4.4 million  tons

Key  export market: Brazil and India are some of the biggest importers of Argentine wheat.

Outlook: The International Grains Council expects Argentina’s wheat production to fall 10% in 2011-2012 to 13 million tons,  according to High Plains Journal.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

#4 Australia

Export: 13.5 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 4.5 million  tons

Key  export market: Indonesia and China are some of the biggest importers of Australian wheat.

Outlook: Australia could export as much as 15  million tonnes of the wheat on growing demand for the grain. The Australian  Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences expects a 24.3 million tonne harvest this year but expectations are that the crop output in Western Australia will lag projections, according to IIFL.com.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

#3 Canada

Export: 17.5 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 7.9 million  tons

Key  export market: China, Japan, Iran, US and South Korea are the biggest importers of Canadian wheat.

Outlook: Fears of flooding have led Canada to cut expectations for its wheat harvest to 24.5 million tonnes this year. That’s higher than previous harvests, but 400,000 tonnes lower than projected, according to Agrimoney.com.

Combine Jamboree near Winkler, Manitoba

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

#2 France

Export: 19.2 million tons

Domestic consumption: 18.5 million tons

Key  export market: North Africa, specifically Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco form France’s biggest wheat market. Civil unrest in the Middle East has seen a boost in exports to the region.

Outlook: France will reap 35.8 million tons of soft wheat used in bread, baked goods and animal feed. That’s 0.3 percent more than in  2010, according to Bloomberg. France has profited from Russia’s ban on exports.

 

#1 USA

Export: 35.4 million  tons

Domestic consumption: 35.7 million  tons

Key  export market: Japan, Nigeria, Mexico and the Philippines are America’s largest wheat export markets.

Outlook: Dry weather in the south and possible flooding in the North are expected hurt wheat production. The USDA only rated 37% of the  winter crop “good or excellent” compared to 65% last year according to Bloomberg.

Wheat field on the vast Great Plains of the central United States

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

Top Ten Wheat Producers — 2008 (million metric ton)
People’s Republic of China 112
India 79
United States 68
Russia 64
France 39
Canada 29
Germany 26
Ukraine 26
Australia 21
Pakistan 21
World Total 690
Source: UN Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

Posted May 12, 2012 by markosun in Agriculture, Food, World

2 responses to “The World’s Leading Wheat Exporting Countries

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  1. I do have doubts if your numbers e.g of russia are wright. Russia onwn consumption is 62Mio T and export is far more than you state.

  2. Pingback: SEEING THE WORLD THROUGH BOOKS » Blog Archive » Elizabeth Jolley–FOXYBABY

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